Diwali Pujan Points to Remember:  
1. Lit lamp after sunset on the main entrance of house. It should be four faced earthen lamp (Diya). Use mustard oil.  
2. Try not to use candles. Instead use Desi ghee diyas or mustard oil diyas.  
3. No harm of lighting the electric bulbs because it is just used to beautify the house from outside to appease the mother goddess Lakshami Ji (Goddess of wealth, happiness and prosperity)  
4. Use desi ghee in one diya at the time of prayers that should be lit through out the night. It will bring good prosperity and will help in appeasing the mother Goddess Lakshami Ji. Rest all diyas can be filled with mustard oil.  
5. Crackers should be burned only after Laxmi Pujan.  
6. Lakshmi Pujan should begin with:
1. Lord Ganesha Vandana
2. Remember your Gurus.
3. Remember your Isht Devta/ Devi.
4. Remember Mother Goddess in three forms: -
Maha Lakshmi
Maha Saraswati
Maha Kaali
Gods & Godess to be Worshipped  

Lord Ganesha

All pujas, rituals and celebrations in Hinduism begin with the worship of Lord Ganesh. During the Diwali too all pujas and rituals begin after the worship of Lord Ganesha.  


Lord Ram

The most popular reason for observing Diwali is the return of Lord Ram to Ayodhya after 14-year exile along with Mata Sita, Lakshman and Hanuman. Diyas are lit on the day in remembrance of the return of Lord Ram, Sita, Laxman and Hanuman to Ayodhya after defeating Ravan and completing the exile period.


Lord Krishna

Lord Krishna killed Demon Narakasura on this day and thus ensuring the victory of the good over evil. Another popular puja associated with Krishna is the Govardhan Puja - Lord Krishna lifting the mount Govardhan to rescue the people of Vrindavan from thunder and rains. Another ritual during the Diwali period associated with Lord Krishna is the Annkut.


Goddess Lakshmi

Mahalakshmi puja is the most important ritual on Diwali day for majority of Hindu communities. The ritual of worshipping Goddess Lakshmi is performed in homes and by shopkeepers and business community. Goddess Lakshmi is worshipped for wealth, prosperity, luck and prosperity. She is believed to have appeared on the Diwali day during the Churning of Ocean or samdura manthan.


Goddess Kali

Kali Puja is performed on the day in Bengal and eastern parts of India on Diwali day. Special murtis or idols of Goddess Kali are made and larg public pujas are performed on the day.


Lord Kubera

Lord Kuber is the Hindu God of wealth and Kubera is worshipped along with Goddess Lakshmi. He is propitiated on the day for wealth and prosperity.


Lord Hanuman

Hanuman Puja is performed the day before Diwali celebrations in Gujarat. It is believed that Lord Hanuman appeared on this day by some Hindu communities in this region. Hanuman is worshipped for strength and security.


Lord Dhanvantri

Lord Dhanvantri is the God of medicine and is worshipped by medical practitioners. He is believed to have appeared three-days before Diwali during the Samudra Manthan or Churning of the ocean carrying the Amrut or Elixer.


Worship of Ancestors

On the no moon day or Amavasi during Diwali, ancestors are offered homage in many regions. In Orissa there is a popular belief that the lights that are lit on Diwali are to show the path to the spirits of ancestors returning to heaven.


Cow Puja

Cow is worshipped in certain parts western India three days before Diwali and this marks the beginning of Diwali festival in these regions. This is known as Vasubaras.


Lord Yama

Lord Yama and Yami, sister of Lord Yama, are remembered on Bhai Dooj day. Bhaidooj is the last day of Diwali celebrations and is dedicated brother-sister relationship and it is based on a legend involving Lord Yama and Yami. Yamadeepdan is another ritual that is associated with Yama and is observed on the Dhanteras day.



Lakshmi Puja is a main ritual observed on Diwali, also known as Deepavali. According to Puranas and other Hindu Sacred texts, diya or deepam marks the presence of Lakshmi in that particular place. Maa Lakshmi emerges to take away the darkness around us.

Here are the special Lakshmi mantras according to the zodiac signs that should be recited during the Diwali puja in order to please Maa Lakshmi:


"Sidhi buddhipradayei devi bhukti mukti pradayani mantra murtaye sada devi mahalakshmi namostute "


"Om namah dhandayi swaha"


"Om aeem shrim kamal darinyai swaha"


"Om tamma aawah jatvedo lakshmi manapgaminim ashavanivdeyam purushanaham"


"Om hiranayamayi ishwari, bhagwati mata, kram klim shrim shrim mum dhanam dehi phat swaha "


"Aaur dehi, dhanam dehi, vidyam dehi maheshwari samastamakhilam dehi, dehi mein parameshwari"


"Om aeeng lakshmi shreeng kamaldharinayei swaha "


"Om aeeng lakshmi sheen kamaldharini kalhansi swaha"


"Om namah dhandayai swaha"


"Om hreeng kleeng shreeng namah"


"Om asaya hi swayshasram savituh kanchan priyam na minanti swarayam"


"Om sa hi ratnani dashurshe suvati savita bhagah tam bhagam chirmimahe"

  Do's and Don'ts for Diwali  
  1. Always fill the main pooja Diya with Ghee. You can use mustard oil for other diyas
  2. Always set the pooja area in the north-east direction and sit facing the north while doing pooja
  3.  Place the idols in the following order from left to right-Lord Ganesha, lakshmiji, Vishnu God, Saraswati Maa and Maa Kali. Then place idols of lakshmanji, Shreeram, and Mata Sita.
  4. Keep another ghee diya lit throughout the diwali night in the south-east corner of your home
  5. Always arrange diyas in a group of four denoting Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha, Lord  Kuber and Lord Indra
  6. Make greater use of the colours red, like you can use red diyas, candles, lights, bedsheets and red flowers. You may supplement it with the colour pink.
  7. Always start diwali pooja with the worship of lord Ganesha who is worshipped as "Vighnaharta” in Indian tradition.
  8. You should worship your account books also, if maintained. They should be placed in front of the idol of Goddess Lakshmi, but a little towards the west
  9. Include lotus flower in diwali puja as it is the favourite with goddess Maa Lakshmi.
  10. Take an oil bath in the morning, and after getting ready, take blessing of the elders in the family.
  1. When chosing gifts for friends and relatives, avoid leather items, cutlery and Crackers. If you want to gift any of these, accompany them with some mithai
  2. Gambling should be avoided and even if it is being played, it should be done as a game and playing it with money should not be done.
  3. Avoid Drinking and taking non-vegetarian food on Diwali
    Don’t leave the pooja area unattended throughout the night to make sure that the diya remains lit. Keep on adding ghee to it as it gets finished up.
  4. Do not use too many candles. Use Diyas instead.
  5. Do not place that idol of Ganeshji in the pooja area, which is not in a seated position and the one with right-sided trunk
  6. Do not light crackers when the lakshmi pujan is on or immediately after it.
  7. Do not clap while singing arti of Lakshmiji ( you can use a small bell) and also do not sing too loud as it is said that goddess Lakshmi abhors loud noise
  8. Do not place goddess Lakshmi alone, without her constant companion lord Vishnu.
  Aarti Lakshmi Mata Ki  
  Legends of Diwali  

Diwali is celebrated mainly for Rama's homecoming to Ayodhya after defeating Ravana and his coronation as king. The festival marks his victorious return to his kingdom along with his wife Sita, brother Laxman and great devotee Hanuman.

The legend claimed that it took 20 days for Rama to return to his kingdom after defeating Ravana. The people of Ayodhya lit up their homes with oil lamps and turned the night with a light festival. From that time onwards Diwali is being celebrated to mark the Victory of Lord Ram over the evil Ravana.
Another legend said that once upon a time King Bali of the nether world mighty power had become a threat to the gods. In order to give him a lesson Lord Vishnu in the guise of a Batu Waman- a small boy- visited his kingdom. In that time King Bali was much more famous for his philanthropist cause.
Keeping this in mind Lord Vishnu begged King Bali to give him only that much land which he could cover with his three steps. King Bali proudly granted Lord Vishnu’s wish. With his first step Lord Vishnu covered the entire heaven and with the second step the earth and asked Bali where to keep his third step. Bali offered his head. Putting his foot on his head Vishnu pushed him down to the underworld. In that time Lord Vishnu gave him the lamp of knowledge and allowed him to return to earth once a year to light millions of lamps to dispel the darkness and ignorance of humanity and spread the radiance of eternity and love. On this day people also worshipped Goddess Lakshmi as she was freed by Vishnu from the clutches of King Bali. Therefore, it is believed that the festival is celebrated in honour of Mother Laxmi.

Another legend said that, in this day of Diwali, a small boy called Nachiketa who always believed that Yam, the god of Death was as black as the dark night of amavasya. But when he met Yamraj, he was quite astonished with Yamraj's calm and stature.

Yam explained to Nachiketa on this Diwali day of amavasya that by only passing through the darkness of death, man sees the light of highest wisdom and then only his soul can escape from the bondage of his mortal frame to mingle with the Supreme Power. And then Nachiketa realized the importance of worldly life and significance of death. Then he whole-heartedly participated in Diwali celebrations.



Another story is with Narakasura (a trouble-maker to the gods) who ruled the kingdom of Pradyoshapuram. He always disturbed the sages’ community in their Ashram & created havoc during the rituals. He even grabbed some territory of Aditi, (the king of Suraloka and a relative of Satyabhama, Lord Krishna's wife).


  Continuously harassed with this precarious approach of Narakasura along with Indra other gods pleaded Lord Krishna to protect them from the mighty Narakasura. In that time queen Satyabhama appealed to Krishna to give her chance to destroy Narakasura. Lord Krishna granted her a boon to fight with Narakasura. With Krishna as the charioteer, Satyabhama entered the battlefield and killed the Narakasura. After the death of the demon his mother Bhudevi declared to celebrate this occasion with joy and rejoice. Since then Diwali was celebrated by people every year with ardent zeal, fun and fire.  
  Another legend said that, on this day Mother Lakshmi emerged from the ocean of milk (Kheer Sagar). She brought with her wealth and prosperity for mankind. On that day, Lakshmi Pooja was performed to honour Goddess Lakshmi. So from that day in every year on Diwali, Hindus perform prayer and worship to Goddess Lakshmi. Many people believe that Goddess Lakshmi visit the homes of devotees on this day. Bhajans"-devotional songs in praise of Goddess Laxmi are sung and "Naivedya" of traditional sweets is offered to the Goddess.  
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